Who Has the Right to Apply for Canada Permanent Residency?

The status of Canada Permanent Residency (PR) is given to those people who have immigrated to the nation but are not its citizens. They remain the citizens of their native countries. A temporary person in the overseas immigration hotspot; for example, a student or a foreign worker, cannot enjoy the status of PR.

Permanent residents are granted permission to live and work in the country indefinitely. Each individual–who does not hold a criminal record–has a right to apply for Canada permanent residency. In order to maintain the status, a permanent resident must live in the Maple Leaf Country for at least two years, out of every five, lest he loses his status.

In the ‘Land of Opportunities’ a Permanent Resident holds many of the same rights and responsibilities as that of a Canadian citizens. However, the main differences are permanent residents cannot vote in elections neither can they run for an elected office. They cannot also hold a national passport. They may also risk deportation, if they have indulged in serious crimes within the Canadian territory. Each law abiding citizen has a right to apply for Canada permanent residency. But not everyone can submit an application, for Canadian Citizenship.

Permanent Resident Card

In the year 2002, the Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) issued the Permanent Resident Card to all its permanent residents and all existing permanent residents were given instructions to apply for a Permanent Resident Card at a cost of $50, although possessing a card is not mandatory except in the case travelling abroad.

From December 31, 2003, each individual with a PR status is able to present his Permanent Resident Card upon boarding a commercial carrier in order to travel to Canada. As the Permanent Resident Cards are issued within the country only– those permanent residents, who are in a foreign country and are without a Permanent Resident Card–may apply for a single-use Travel Document which can be obtained from Canadian embassies abroad.

The card expires in every five years. Just before it happens, an application is processed for new PR card by simply proving that the applicant has been physically present in the nation for the requisite time period, or else has satisfied the residency requirements.

What are the Rights of Permanent Residents?

Permanent Residency is the second most sought status after Canadian citizenship even as following are the rights enjoyed by the Permanent Residents:

  • Permanent residents enjoy most of the social benefits that a Canadian citizen enjoys, including healthcare facilities.
  • Permanent residents may stay, pursue studies, and do a job anywhere in the country at their own convenienc
  • Permanent Residents may submit an application for a Canadian citizenship and Canadian passport.
  • Permanent Residents enjoy protection under Canadian law and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
  • Permanent Residents pay taxes and respect all Canadian laws at the federal, provincial and municipal levels.
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